Article: Causes and effects between attitudes

Professor Urban Intelligence, Paul van de Coevering, co-published an article with Kees Maat and Bert van Wee on the interaction between land use and transportation. What is the influence of density and the proximity to PT on car kilometres driven? And what is the role of attitudes? This article uses GPS data and a longitudinal approach to test the hypotheses of residential self-selection and reverse causality. The outcomes show that the built environment has a significant influence on car kilometres driven underscoring the importance of land use policies to achieve sustainable mobility.


Importantly, the built environment also has a significant influence on travel-related attitudes. It seems that people ar eless set in their ways than often is perceived.


From an applied perspective it is important that these influences are significant but not very strong. So just building compact environments within walking or biking reach of PT hubs will not be enough. However, these influences can be strengthened with accompanying measures such as parking policies, behavioural campaigns and good bicycle facilities. In particular the rise of shared mobility services, HUBS and micromobility seem to provide unprecedented opportunities.


The full article can be read in the PDF below.

Causes and effects between attitudes, the built environment and car kilometres A longitudinal analysis.pdf